The Chinese have two major claims on what India deems its own territory. One claim, in the western sector, is on Aksai Chin in the northeastern section of Ladakh District in Jammu and Kashmir.
The other claim is in the eastern sector over a region included in the British-designated North-East Frontier Agency, the disputed part of which India renamed Arunachal Pradesh and made a state. Several sections of the 2,200-mile border remain under dispute between the two Asian giants. India wants a Chinese-controlled section of Kashmir the size of Switzerland. China claims parts of Tibet what India calls its state of Arunachal Pradesh covering an area three times that size.
WHY IT MATTERS
Because it’s China and India. Simply put, any spat between the two nations matters. Together, they account for 38 percent of the world’s population, and in 50 years, they’ll account for half of the world’s gross domestic product. And don’t forget, both have nukes. Bad relations between China and India are bad for everyone. Also, any shift in Sino-Indian relations over Kashmir could affect Pakistan, another nuclear state.
BAD RELATIONS BETWEEN CHINA & INDIA ARE BAD FOR EVERYONE
by Zhuhu Shanshan
An online poll conducted by huanqiu.com on June 10 shows that 90 percent of participants believe India poses a big threat to China after India announced it would dispatch 60,000 troops to the border with China.
The red inked line in subcontinent’s north west and the other in the north east are the two areas which stand in dispute between the two big neighbors in Asia.
The tension along the disputed border between the two countries has escalated in the last few weeks after India’s latest military move. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh claimed that despite cooperative India-China relations, his government would make no concessions to China on territorial disputes.
The Indian government’s tough stance has won applause among Indian extremists, but it’s not well-received in China.
About 74 percent people in the poll by huanqiu.com believed China should not maintain the friendly relations with India anymore after its military provocation. And more than 65 percent of people taking part in the poll believed India’s actions were harmful to bilateral ties and it is more harmful to India.
India’s military moves could cast a shadow over bilateral relations, said Dai Xun, an expert in military affairs, who described India’s actions as “plundering a burning house”, when the international community was focused on a reported nuclear test in the DPRK, destroying the mutual trust between neighboring countries.
An expert in the Asia-pacific region, Sun Shihai, with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences told the Global Times that the two countries share a lot of mutual interests, so India has to cooperate with China; but India also needs to show its “will and resolution” to both domestic politicians and the international community.
“It (additional deployment) is not helpful t o resolve the border dispute, and could easily cause regional tension,” Sun said.
In 1962, India and China fought a brief war over the 3,500 km Himalayan border area. The two countries later signed a treaty and agreed to maintain “peace and tranquility” along the disputed frontier, but since then have made little progress.
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