US-Saudi Funded Terrorists Sowing Chaos in Pakistan


Fauzia Qurban
Photo: AP Pakistani sister Fauzia Qurban an ethnic Hazara, tries to hold back her tears as she talks about her brother Ali Raza Qurban, at her family home in Quetta, Pakistan.
Brutal sectarian bloodletting has killed hundreds of Shiite Muslims in Pakistan’s Balochistan province and fired a flourishing human smuggling business in the provincial capital of Quetta.
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Balochistan, Pakistan – long target of Western geopolitical interests, terror wave coincides with Gwadar Port handover to China.

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QUETTA KILLINGS: ORCHESTRATION FOR A PAKISTAN SPRING?

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by Tony Cartalucci

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Quetta, the capital of Pakistan’s southwest Balochistan province, bordering both US-occupied Afghanistan as well as Iran, was the site of a grisly market bombing that has killed over 80 people. According to reports, the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Billed as a “Sunni extremist group,” it instead fits the pattern of global terrorism sponsored by the US, Israel, and their Arab partners Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Why Balochistan? Gwadar in the southwest serves as a Chinese port and the starting point for a logistical corridor through Pakistan and into Chinese territory. The Iranian-Pakistani-Indian pipeline would enter from the west, cross through Balochistan intersecting China’s proposed logistical route to the northern border, and continue on to India. Destabilizing Balochistan would effectively derail the geopolitical aspirations of four nations.

The terrorist Lashkar-e-Jhangvi group was in fact created, according to the BBC, to counter Iran’s Islamic Revolution in the 1980′s, and is still active today. Considering the openly admitted US-Israeli-Saudi plot to use Al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups across the Middle East to counter Iran’s influence, it begs the question whether these same interests are funding terrorism in Pakistan to not only counter Iranian-sympathetic Pakistani communities, but to undermine and destabilize Pakistan itself.

THE US -SAUDI GLOBAL TERROR NETWORK

While the United States is close allies with Saudi Arabia and Qatar, it is well established that the chief financier of extremist militant groups for the past three decades, including Al-Qaeda, are in fact Saudi Arabia and Qatar. While Qatari state-owned propaganda like Al Jazeera apply a veneer of progressive pro-democracy to its narratives, Qatar itself is involved in arming, funding, and even providing direct military support for sectarian extremists from northern Mali, to Libya, to Syria and beyond. (more…)

Pakistan–Russia relations [4 of 5]


In 2012, Russia and Pakistan covertly developed geopolitical and strategic relations behind the scenes. These have mainly centered on world politics.
And as the NATO-led ISAF and the US Forces in Afghanistan plan to leave Afghanistan in 2014, the Russian Federation has come to the conclusion that Pakistan is a crucial player in Afghanistan and that:
As NATO withdraws, it becomes all the more important and urgent for Moscow to seek some sort of modus vivendi with Islamabad.
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GIVING NEW DIMENSIONS TO PAK-RUSSIA COLLABORATION

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ECONOMIC AND GEOPOLITICAL CONVERGENCE

In 1990, Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan sent fare well message to Moscow to set up the economic coordination between two countries. [38] In 1991, then Benazir Bhutto drove the high-level economic delegation to Central Asia and Russia after the collapse of Soviet Union. [38]

Senior military officials and Defence Attaché of Pakistan and Russia, jointly working together at the communications tent at the Nigerian Air Force Base.

In 2003, the bilateral trade between Russia and Pakistan reached to 92 million US dollar, which increased to 411.4 million in 2006. [16] The bilateral trade between each country reached to 630 million in 2008 and ~400 million in 2009. [16] In the following year, both countries established the “Russian–Pakistan Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation to cooperation in science and technology and education”. [16] (more…)

Pakistan–Russia relations [3 of 5]


Russia condemned the military coup d’état against Prime minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999 to remove the prime minister from power.
On 19 April 2001, the Russian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Alexander Losyukov paid a state visit to Pakistan where both countries agreed upon cooperating in economic development, and to work towards peace and prosperity in the region.
In the wake of September 11, 2001 attacks, the relations warmed rapidly when Pakistan denounced the government of Taliban and joined the NATO coalition to hunt down the Jihadist organizations and al-Qaeda.
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WAR AGAINST SOVIETS & POST WAR DEVELOPMENTS 

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So the Soviet relations with Pakistan came to deterioration on April 4, 1979, when Bhutto was executed by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. [21] Earlier, Leonid Brezhnev, Alexei Kosygin, and other members of the Politburo had sent repeated calls for clemency to the CMLA General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq who straightaway rejected the Soviet requests. [21] Breznev maintained that issue concerning Bhutto’s trial was Pakistan’s internal matter yet did not wish to see him executed. When Bhutto was hanged, Brezhnev condemned the act out of “purely humane motives”. [21]

MILITARY DICTATORSHIP (1977-1988)

Afghanistan map after Soviet intervention : Showing areas involving heavy fighting. Note: Areas adjacent to Balochistan province remained untouched (white region, south) from the fighting while the NWFP (north-west) was inflicted with heavy fighting.

Shortly after the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, Pakistan’s military ruler General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq called for a meeting of the senior military members and technocrats of his government. [22] At this meeting, General Zia asked the Chief of Army Staff General Khalid Mahmud Arif (veteran of 1965 and 1971 wars) and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Muhammad Shariff (who was made POW by India during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971) to lead a specialized civil-military team to formulate a geo-strategy to counter the Soviet aggression. [22] At this meeting, the Director-General of the ISI at that time, Lieutenant-General Akhtar Abdur Rahman advocated for an idea of covert operation in Afghanistan by arming the Islamic extremists, and was loudly heard saying: “Kabul must burn! Kabul must burn!”. [22] As for Pakistan, the Soviet war with Islamist Mujahideen was a complete revenge in retaliation of the Soviet Union’s long timed unconditional support for its arch-rival rival India, notably during the 1965 and the 1971 wars, which had led to the loss of its former wing East Pakistan. [22] (more…)

Pakistan–Russia relations [2 of 5]


In 1974, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto paid a tiring and lengthy state visit to Soviet Union, becoming the first prime minister since the independence of Pakistan in 1947. Bhutto and his delegation was met with great jubilation, a warm-hearted celebration took place after Bhutto was received by Alexei Kosygin in Moscow. The honorary guard of honor was offered by the Soviet Armed Forces, and a strong interaction took place between the two coutries during Bhutto’s democratic era.
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FINDING NEW FRIENDS, NEW FOES

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 MILITARY DICTATORSHIPS (1958-1971)

In July 1957, prime minister Suhrawardy approved the leasing of a secret ISI installation, near the Peshawar Air Base to the CIA. [6] After having staged the military coup d’état against President Iskander Mirza, Army Commander Ayub Khan visited the United States, thus further enhancing relations with the U.S., while at the same time, tried establishing link with the Soviet Union through Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. [6]

“Pakistan felt deceived because the U.S. had kept her in the dark about such clandestine spy operations launched from Pakistan’s territory” —General K.M. Arif, Chief of Army Staff. [7]

In 1959, Ayub Khan permitted the reconnaissance flights and covert surveillance flights of U-2, giving the authorization of final U-2 flight, piloted by USAF Captain Francis Gary Powers. This operation ended violently when Soviet Air Defence Forces shot down the U-2, capturing its pilot in the Soviet air space.

Overall, Ayub Khan knew of this operation, understanding the consequences and the aftermath, and shuddered his shoulders when he was notified in London, by the USAF and the CIA. [8]

The U-2 incident severely compromised Pakistan security and worsened relations between the Soviet Union and Pakistan, with Soviets now backing India.[8] During this time, the Indian nuclear programme expanded and progressed at very exponential level.[8] As an attempt to put up a bold front, former chief of army staff General Khalid Mahmud Arif while commenting on the incident stated that, “Pakistan felt deceived because the U.S. had kept her in the dark about such clandestine spy operations launched from Pakistan’s territory”.[8]

A great Soviet ire was on Pakistan, so the Soviets threatened to bomb the base if future missions were flown from it. [8] Soviet Union further paid back its revenge on Pakistan during Indo-Pakistani war of 1965, when it emerged as the biggest supplier of military hardware to India. [9] India too, had now, distanced herself from the Western block countries, developing close relations with the Soviet Union. [9] Together the Soviet Union and India used the diplomacy, convincing the U.S. and Western powers to keep a ban on Pakistan’s military and hardware. [10] After the 1965 war, the arms race between India and Pakistan became even more asymmetric and India was outdistancing Pakistan with a big margin. [11]

RELATIONS BETWEEN WEST AND EAST PAKISTAN

The Soviet Union had far more better relations with East-Pakistan, and had strong ties with the Communist Party in Pakistan’s eastern wing after successfully staging the protest to give national recognition toBengali language as compared to Urdu in the 1956 constitution. [12] The Communist Party played also its role to ensure complete elimination of Pakistan Muslim League once and for all, in the eastern wing leading to the collapse of federal government led by Pakistan Muslim League at the centre. [12]

The tendency towards democracy and the Anti-American sentiment was much greater in East-Pakistan, and this highly benefited the Soviet Union in 1971. [7] When the mutual defence treaty was signed, it was followed by the arrival of US military advisers from the MAAG group, which was announced in February 1954. As a result there was great outcry in East-Pakistan. Many demonstrations led by the communist party were held and the 162 newly elected members of East-Pakistan Parliament signed a statement, which denounced Pakistan’s government for signing a military pact with the United States.[7]

In post 1971 West-Pakistan, the Soviet relations with Pakistan improved after the formation of leading democratic and socialist Pakistan Peoples Party. [6] The tendency of socialism was greater in West Pakistan, in contrast to East Pakistan and in the former western wing of the country now Pakistan the trend and tendency towards communism was at its height. [6]

After the 1965 war, Soviet relations with socialist nuanced parties namely the Awami National Party, Pakistan People’s Party, and the Pakistan Socialist Party, impulsively improved. In 1972, the Pakistani Parliament passed the resolution which called for establishing ties with the Soviet Union.[6] During the 1980s when the purges took place under the Zia regime, the socialists members escaped to Soviet Union through Afghanistan, seeking  political asylum there. [6]

ROLE IN THE INDO-PAKISTAN WAR OF 1971

The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the 1971 Winter war, first signing the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation. [13] The Soviet Union sympathized with the Bangladeshis, and supported the Indian Army and Mukti Bahini during the war, recognizing that the independence of Bangladesh would weaken the position of its rivals—the United States, Saudi Arabia, and China. [13]

On 6. December and 13. December 1971, the Soviet Navy dispatched two groups of cruisers and destroyers and a nuclear submarine armed with nuclear missiles from Vladivostok; [13] they trailed U.S. Task Force 74 into the Indian Ocean from 18. December 1971 until 7. January 1972.

The Soviets also had a nuclear submarine to help ward off the threat posed by USS Enterprise task force in the Indian Ocean. [14][15] The Soviet Navy’s presence had put a threat of existence for Pakistan, with the Soviet nuclear submarines’ K-320 and Charlie, of which movements were picked up by Pakistan Navy’s submarines. [13] The Pakistan Navy’s submarines Ghazi, Hangor, and Mangor had sent solid evidence of Soviet Navy’s covert involvement helping the Indian Navy, and Soviet Navy’s own secret operations against Pakistan Navy. [13] Pakistan Navy avoided aggressive contacts with the Soviet Navy due to possible nuclear retaliation by Soviet nuclear submarines in Karachi. [13]

In 2012, in an official press release by the Russian Consulate-General in Karachi, the Russian ambassador remarked that former Soviet stance against Pakistan in 1971, was a “somewhat embarrassing for our relations”. [16]

DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT (1971-1977)

U-2 Grand Slam Flight Plan, 1 May 1960

The democratic socialist alliance led by then-prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto made an effort to improve relations with the Soviet Union. This was for the first time in the history of Pakistan that Soviet Union’s ties with Pakistan began to warm up and relations were quickly improving. Reviving his foreign policy, Bhutto withdrew his country from SEATO and CENTO, breaking off relations with the United States under the presidency of Jimmy Carter.

In 1974, Bhutto paid a tiring and lengthy state visit to Soviet Union, becoming the first prime minister since the independence of Pakistan in 1947. Bhutto and his delegation was met with great jubilation, a warm-hearted celebration took place after Bhutto was received by Alexei Kosygin in Moscow. [17] The honorary guard of honor was offered by the Soviet Armed Forces, and a strong interaction took place between the two countries during Bhutto’s democratic era. [17] Bhutto also met Leonid Brezhnev and Pakistan concluded agreements with Soviet Union on mutual trust, cooperation, technical assistance, and friendship.[18]

While there, Bhutto succeeded to convince the Soviet leaders to establish the integrated steel mills, which prompted the Soviet Union to provide funds for the billion dollar project. [19] Prime Minister Bhutto made a deliberate attempt to warm relations with Russia as he was trying to improve relations with the Communist bloc. [19]

Bhutto sought to develop and alleviate the Soviet-Pak Relations, as Soviet Union established Pakistan Steel Mills in 1972. [20] The foundation stone for this gigantic project was laid on 30 December 1973 by the then Prime minister Mr. Z. A. Bhutto.

Facing inexperience for the erection work of the integrated steel mill, Bhutto also requested Soviet Union to send its experts to Pakistan. [20] Acceding to this request, Soviet Union sent dozens of advisers and experts, led by Russian scientist Mikhail Koltokof, who supervised the construction of this integrated Steel Mills with a number of industrial and consortium companies financing this mega-project. [20]

From 1973 till 1979, both countries enjoyed a strong relationship which also benefited the Soviet Union. [19] This interaction, however, turned short lived after the popular unrest which began to take place after the 1977 elections. [21] With active involvement of the United States, America’s notorious intelligence agency  the CIA sponsored the operation code-named Fair Play removing Bhutto from power in 1977.

Contd…

Next: War against Soviets & Post War Developments

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Related Posts: 

1. Pakistan can make Russia Queen of Asia 2. 2. Russia – Pakistan: the Way is Open for New Projects 3.  Pak–Russia Relations 4. After US, now Chinese bases in Pakistan!
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Pakistan–Russia Relations [1 of 5]


Relations between Pakistan and the Russian Federation were reactivated in 2007 after the 3-day official visit of Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov.
He was the first Russian prime minister to visit Pakistan in the post Soviet-era in 38 years. He had “in-depth discussions” with then President Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz.
The major focus of the visit was to improve bilateral relations with particular emphasis on ways and means to enhance economic cooperation between the two countries. [Image: Russian president Dmitry Medvedev engaged in conversation with his Pakistani counterpart president Asif Zardari, 2010].

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START: SOMETIME GOOD, MANY TIME BAD

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Pakistan–Russian relations refer to the bilateral, historical, cultural, and international relations between the State of Pakistan and the Russian Federation. Pakistan and the Russian Federation first established the diplomatic and bilateral relations on 1 May 1948. [1]

For the most of the Cold War, Pakistan’s relations with then Soviet Union saw many ups and downs during different periods of Pakistan’s post indepndence history. During the 1947-50s Soviet Union enjoyed relatively healthy and strong relations with Pakistan when it had civilian governments. The relations, however, went ultimately cold soon after the U.S.-backed 1958 military coup d’état was staged by Gen Ayub Khan, the Commander in Chief of Pakistan’s armed forces, although attempts to warm the relations were made after the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war and in midst of 1970s, the relations were quickly improved and warmed.

In the late 1980s, Pakistan allied with the United States and Saudi Arabia to support the Mujahideen rebels during Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. (more…)