In Medina, Mohammad [S] and his followers demonstrated the practicality of the new religion’s social application by resolving bitter rivalries and tensions among the city’s rival groups and clans. Seeing the virtues of Islam in action, many inhabitants of Medina became Muslims.
Through military activity and political negotiation Prophet Mohammed became the most powerful leader in Arabia. Several important battles ensued, the first and biggest one (624 A.D.) in Badr (near Medina). Muslim forces, though greatly outnumbered (more than threefold), defeated the Meccan army.
CLEARING MISUNDERSTANDINGS IN LIGHT OF THE LIFE OF PROPHET MOHAMMAD (S)
by Nayyar Hashmey
Note to WoP readers: First of all let me clarify to you all, dear readers. Neither do I claim to be a person of religious orientation, nor to be a scholar of religion or the religion related subject or the faculties. Throughout my life I have been associated with things scientific and addicted to check and accept any thing in the light of one’s logic, observation and practical experience.
Coupled with that have been the scientific theorems, the laws and norms which decide the veracity of things, phenomena and life processes that act as props for accepting the hard, physical and tangibl facts of life.
You may ask why then this subject which many may find as something ‘religious’ or a treatise which is the favourite subject of Islamic scholars but mainly of the clerics who lay more stress on the appearances, on the oft repeated stories and occurrances which they usually proffer to prove their viewpoints on things Islamic.
After reading, however, this detailed review by Dr. Javeed Akhter I was so convinced of the veracity of all what he says about the holy Prophet and his message for humanity that I decided to put these up on the pages of the Wonders of Pakistan site.
I tried to seek necessary permission form ISPI (http://www.ispi-usa.org/) the site at which this review originally appeared, but my email to them requesting permission to re-publish this review on the pages of this site, came back, saying, “ Hi. This is the gmail-send program at server283.com. I’m afraid I wasn’t able to deliver your message to the following addresses. This is a permanent error; I’ve given up. Sorry it didn’t work out. <email@example.com>:.”.”.
Meanwhile I am trying to get the email ID of the author Mr. Javeed Akhtar. If he allows to do so, well and good, this review will remain available here. However, if he replies in the negative, then as usual, this series will be removed from these pages.
But before I put up the detailed review by J.A. here is an introductory article on the life of our holy Prophet (S). There are some events which you may find repeated in the detailed review which follows this article and the next one. This is precisely because this series is a biography of our most loved, most revered personality, no fiction, no rhetoric but plain facts about the man who brought revolutionary changes in the society he lived and left a legacy for all Muslims to follow what he said, what he did and what he advised.
I am uploading this series particularly also for the reason that I receive sometimes comments, emails and also calls from people, who use so much filth about him that I stop reading, listening or commenting on what they utter about the man whom we all Muslims think is a role model for all humanity.
This series is also an invitation to all such people who may read and may perhaps enlighten themselves to know the truth for truth is the ultimate triumph in this life and the one hereafter.
Note by the author: Abbreviations have been used in this essay and in the citation of the Qur’anic verses based on what is conventional with Muslim writers to use certain terms of respect and endearment when addressing the Prophet Muhammad, his companions and other Prophets.
This is part of the Muslim etiquette or Adab, which may be defined as the genteel culture, which evolved over centuries and became universally accepted and practiced over the entire Muslim world.
Adab informs the social pattern of Muslims, including conversation, ways of interacting with elders and each other, the use of literature, and dress code among other things. The use of these terms of respect does not prevent the scholar from being objective in his analysis or when necessary, being appropriately critical.
However it requires him to do so in a respectful manner, keeping a fair and balanced perspective, and making sure that the critique is honest and constructive.
The following is a listing of symbols used in this series for the various terms of respect.
Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (SWT): Glory to him the Most Hight; used with the name of Allah, or God.
Salla Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam (S): We pray that peace and blessings be upon him used with the Prophet Muhammad’s name.
Alayh as-Salam (A): Peace be upon him; used for all other Prophets.
The reader should assume that whenever the companions of the Prophet are mentioned it is the intent of the writer to use the phrase May Allah be pleased with him/her (RA). The phrase is omitted only for better flow of the text.
Then the citation of the Qur’anic verses have been given in the body of the text rather than in the footnotes for both better rhetorical flow and easier verification.
But before I upload the book by Dr. Javeed, here is the first one by Mona of the Islam4Women website
Pages 1 2
Although every effort has been made in abbreviations, terms of respect and endearment used by Muslim writers while addressing the holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh), his companions and other Prophets, yet certain schools in the Islamic world may be using different abbreviations. These abbreviations, therefore, may not be considered as obligatory for other schools of thought in Islam.
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