On the heels of a secret visit to China by Kissinger, in February 1972 Richard Nixon met with Mao Zedong and Chou En-Lai at Beijing to announce a stunning rapprochement. A fear of encirclement by adversaries, lead the Soviets towards détente. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks started in May 1972, resulting in the signing of the SALT II treaty, on June 18, 1979. With this the ‘cold war’ came to an end. But the post Watergate functioning of the Safari Club awakened the Americans to the possibility of re-energizing their fading dreams for a Pax-Americana.
GLOBAL ISLAMIC JIHAD
OR A STRATEGIC ASSET OF THE CIA?
by Hassan Rizvi
This is a rather lengthy article, and I was delaying publishing it on Instablogs for this very reason. Yet I see that terrorism is on the rise in India too.
Unfortunately my frequent predictions that after Afghanistan and Pakistan, India because of it again getting involved in Afghanistan, would soon itself become a hot bed of terrorism, appear to be coming true.
This article is, therefore, being published to give a bird eyes view of the issues to the general public who blame Islam and Pakistan for the rise of global terrorism. Unfortunately the subject is such that despite my best efforts I could not make it any shorter.
In the series already published under Part-I, we studied the background to the US involvement in Afghanistan. Essentially Curzon’s great game of containment of Russia had been turned on its head by India. It decided that its interests would best be served by allying with the Russians.
The resulting rise in Afghan militancy against Pakistan supported both by Russia and India, invited the ire of the Shah of Iran as well as the Saudi’s who viewed Russian interference as an attempt to reach the warm waters and oilfields of the Persian gulf.
We also saw how Alexandre de Marenches head of French Intelligence exercised central influence on development of events in this region. His creations, the Safari Club along with the BCCI, took on the load of containment of world wide Soviet penetration at a time when CIA was ‘castrated’ due to Congressional inquiries. He too was convinced Russia wanted access to the warm waters of the Gulf through Afghanistan. Just three weeks before the Russian Invasion of Afghanistan when Arnaud De Bochgrave of Newsweek asked for advise where to go to in order to get the best breaking news story he replied,” If I were you, I would go to Kabul’!
Finally we saw how building up on this, Brzezinski conceived the idea of trapping and ‘bleeding’ the Russians in a Vietnam of their own – using Islamic militants. In this article we will see exactly how – after having drawn the USSR into Afghanistan – the USA went about achieving this objective.
It is important to note here that till the time of this US involvement, the suicide bomber was an unknown phenomena in Pakistan but had been discovered and first used by the Tamil rebels of Sri Lanka. Also the rest of the Muslim world, specially the Arabs had not been involved in Pakistan’s war with Afghanistan – hence global radical Islamic Jihad was not an un invented commodity.
FROM ‘COLD WAR’ TO ‘DÉTENTE’ TO ‘GLOBAL JIHAD’
Even in the early stages of the cold war the US had realized that religion was the most potent foe of the atheistic communist doctrine; and that the dynamic and fast growing religion of Islam was much more anti-communistic than even the Christianity. Since WWII it sought to contain communism using Muslim allies.
Nevertheless the division of US ally Pakistan into two by Russian backed ally India in 1971 – made US helplessness apparent – world wide. The perception gained ground – within US government itself as well as – around the world, that the USSR had achieved nuclear parity while the US had been seriously weakened by Vietnam. To counter this, the US decided to use its relations with Pakistan as a bridge to improve relations with China and thus contain the USSR.
[Righ] Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27, 1923) is an eminent American political scientist, diplomat, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He served as National Security Advisor and later was Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. After expiry of his term, his opinion was still sought out by many following presidents. A proponent of Realpolitik, Kissinger played a dominant role in United States foreign policy between 1969 and 1977.
Following on the heels of a secret visit to China by Kissinger, in February 1972 Richard Nixon met with Mao Zedong and Chou En-Lai at Beijing to announce a stunning rapprochement. A fear of encirclement by adversaries, lead the Soviets towards détente. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks started in May 1972, resulting in the signing of the SALT II treaty, on June 18, 1979. With this the ‘cold war’ came to an end.
But the post Watergate functioning of the Safari Club awakened the Americans to the possibility of re-energizing their fading dreams for a Pax-Americana. The work already done by The Safari Club in Afghanistan; Pakistan’s visible determination to avenge their recent defeat in East Pakistan (1971) through a defeat of the Russo/Indian axis in Afghanistan; as well as Carter’s keenness to avoid the stigma of direct US involvement; enamored Brzezinski with plans of drowning the USSR in a flood of Jihadi fighters drawn from around and within the USSR. He started taking just enough interest to provoke a Soviet Invasion.
The successful enticement of Soviet troops into Afghanistan raised the love affair another notch into a marriage of convenience.
US President Jimmy Carter withdrew the SALT II treaty from the Senate, describing the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan as “the most serious threat to the peace since the Second World War”. In 1980, Ronald Reagan went further vowing to increase military spending and confront the Soviets everywhere. After getting elected he revived the B-1 bomber program, installed US cruise missiles in Europe, and announced his experimental Strategic Defense Initiative, i.e. “Star Wars”. Also he dramatically increased support for Afghan War, while Richard Pipes the head of the NWG at the time, predicted that with the right encouragement Soviet Muslims will “explode into genocidal fury” against Moscow.
It would turn out to be a marriage in which the willing bride ‘Pakistan’ –as well as other Muslim in-laws – would be wooed with all sorts of enticing visions, heedless of the consequences! Meanwhile much had to be done before the marriage could be consummated-and so Brzezinski set about the task of arranging the party.
The guests would include China, Egypt, Saudi Arabia –and but for the fiasco of the Shah having been allowed permission for medical treatment in USA –even Khomeini’s Iran. The plan involved their co-operation with the west in assembling, training, equipping and raising against Russia; the largest, most efficient and most motivated guerilla force the world had ever seen.
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